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Home  >  Digital Archives  >  Government  >  Alaska Statehood
The Road to Statehood  -  Related Materials
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Audio and video about statehood

Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Road construction; Statehood;
Johansen, Woodrow, (Henry Woodrow), 1919-1991; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.; O'Neill, Dan (Daniel T.); Richardson, W. P. (Wilds Preston), 1861-1929;
United States. Army; Alaska Road Commission;
(7:03 min.) (06 of 27)
Alaska Road Commission II
Commission members lived in Alaska, but had to get funding from Congress. Later got funding from the Departments of Commerce and Interior.
Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 02 of 09 Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 02 of 09 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Fishing industry; Mining; Political activity;
Nerland, Les (Arthur Leslie), 1902-1992
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(4:49 min.) (02 of 09)
2. Important issues.
Les was interested in statehood and getting a fair share for Alaska; he was less interested in specific issues.
Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 03 of 09 Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 03 of 09 Coal mining; Politics & government; Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Political activity;
Egan, Bill (William A.), 1914-1984; Nerland, Les (Arthur Leslie), 1902-1992
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(03 of 09)
3. Coal; constitutional convention
Coal was needed in Fairbanks and was shipped to Korea. Les believed that he was in the middle in terms of political knowledge.
Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 04 of 09 Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 04 of 09 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Political activity;
Nerland, Les (Arthur Leslie), 1902-1992;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(3:00 min.) (04 of 09)
4. Statehood issues
Taxes need to be fair and equal. Money should not be raised except to fund services for the state. Church and State need to be kept separate.
Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 05 of 09 Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 05 of 09 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Winter; Political activity;
Nerland, Les (Arthur Leslie), 1902-1992
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(5:20 min.) (05 of 09)
5. The convention
It was a cold winter. Les drove some of the delegates to the University, where the convention was held. Sessions lasted most of the day.
Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 06 of 09 Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 06 of 09 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Political activity;
Nerland, Les (Arthur Leslie), 1902-1992
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(06 of 09)
6. Consultants and committees
There were consultants at the convention to offer advice and assistance, including some consultants who were pushing an agenda.
Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 07 of 09 Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 07 of 09 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Political activity;
Nerland, Les (Arthur Leslie), 1902-1992
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(4:27 min.) (07 of 09)
7. Most wanted statehood
A majority in Fairbanks and Anchorage wanted statehood. Southeast was the only part of the state with reservations.
Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 08 of 09 Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 08 of 09 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Political activity;
Nerland, Les (Arthur Leslie), 1902-1992
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(3:45 min.) (08 of 09)
8. Rural/Urban divide
The borough concept might have been an error. There are some problems between the city and the Borough.
Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 09 of 09 Nerland, Leslie interview (08/31/1981) 09 of 09 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Political activity;
Nerland, Les (Arthur Leslie), 1902-1992
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(4:20 min.) (09 of 09)
9. After the convention.
Les played a very valuable role in bringing people together. There was great camaraderie among the delegates.
Nome Statehood Parade Nome Statehood Parade Parades & processions; Statehood; Crowds; Business districts; Floats (Parades);
Nome (Alaska);
32 second film clip, color/silent, of the statehood parade in Nome, Alaska.
The parade includes marching soldiers, children on bicycles, and cub scouts. One of the floats depicts Hawaii.
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 01 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska); Nome (Alaska);
(2:37 min.) (01 of 12)
Ada's Background and Statehood Nome -- born; education -- Nome; Boston Tea Party -- learned in fourth grade; "taxation without representation"; Statehood; married -- aviati
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 02 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(2:20 min.) (02 of 12)
Toast Mistress Club and the Statehood Issue debating committee; debate -- Statehood issue; rules; politics, religion; appoint a committee to study issue of Statehood;
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 03 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Treaties;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(3:01 min.) (03 of 12)
Ada studying Statehood Packets Hawaii -- Statehood for Constitutional Convention; State Constitutions -- compared all articles; Treaty -- Russia and the US; purchase of Alaska
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 04 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Petroleum industry;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(2:08 min.) (04 of 12)
Benefits of Statehood Territorial days -- governed by the Department of the Interior; policies constantly changed; no money -- exploration and development; no set regulations
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 05 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(3:53 min.) (05 of 12)
Experiences working towards Statehood; Senate of the United States; arguments for and against Statehood; Statehood Bill passed -- June 30th, 8 pm 1958; American -- Alaskan;
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 06 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions;
Natural resources
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(2:39 min.) (06 of 12)
Types of development in Alaska after Statehood and the Resource Article development -- resources; 33 -- strategic minerals; undeveloped minerals -- Alaska; oil on Arctic Coast
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 07 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Lawyers;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(3:50 min.) (07 of 12)
Appropriate balance between outside experts and long time Alaskans good balance; 11 attorneys; Judicial Article -- aware of attorneys;
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 08 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(3:11 min.) (08 of 12)
Pork-Barrel appointment to judgeships and reactions to Ada being a part of the Constitutional Convention Fairbanks -- before Statehood;
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 09 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Politics & government; Airline industry;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.; Lathrop, Cap (Austin Eugene), 1865-1950;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(2:53 min.) (09 of 12)
People's lack on interest in Statehood and politics; airplane business; dedicated mother; Toast Mistress Club; education; Alaskans -- not interested in regulations or laws;
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 10 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(3:05 min.) (10 of 12)
Ideas discussed at the Convention; common wealth; discussions -- Convention; counties versus boroughs; counties -- corrupt form of government; double taxation;
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 11 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(3:05 min.) (11 of 12)
Working behind the scenes -- behind the Convention and the effects of the Constitution on Alaska inexperience -- parliamentary law; rules; behind the scenes;
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 12 of 12 Statehood; Constitutional conventions;
Wien, Ada B.; Schneider, William S., 1946-., Ph.D.;
Fairbanks (Alaska);
(2:12 min.) (12 of 12)
Final comments for the record -- proud of Alaska; working within the government; obtained Statehood -- without revolution; Alaska -- finest state in the Union;
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Tillion, Clem interview (07/16/1981) 01 of 08 Malaria; Politics & government; Conservatism; Statehood;
Tillion, Clem R.;
(3:23 min.) (01 of 08)
1. Clem's history in Alaska.
Clem came to Alaska to recover from malaria contracted during WWII in the South Pacific.
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Tillion, Clem interview (07/16/1981) 02 of 08 Statehood; Constitutional conventions; Fishing industry; Political activity;
Tillion, Clem R.;
(4:03 min.) (02 of 08)
2. Statehood convention
Issue revolved around who should be in control of Alaska's resources, the territory or the Federal Government.
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Tillion, Clem interview (07/16/1981) 03 of 08 Politics & government; Statehood; Fishing industry;
Tillion, Clem R.;
(2:30 min.) (03 of 08)
3. Outside [non-Alaskan] control
Still thinks at time of interview that becoming a commonwealth would have been better. Sees a major problem with control in Washington
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Tillion, Clem interview (07/16/1981) 04 of 08 Politics & government; Legislators;
Tillion, Clem R.;
(3:03 min.) (04 of 08)
4. Statehood changes
Should be locals in control rather than those in Washington. Clem states we were given control over the natural and biological resources in the state
Johansen, Woodrow interview (04/17/1985) 06 of 27 Tillion, Clem interview (07/16/1981) 06 of 08 Statehood; Country life;
Tillion, Clem R.; Tillion, Diana
(5:35 min.) (06 of 08)
6. Urban-rural divide
The divide was not an issue until the majority of population moved to the city. Clem sees states outside Alaska as being willing to take advantage

Collection Name: Alaska Statehood Commission Tapes
Oral History Interviews, Alaska & Polar Regions Collections
Identifier: H86-41-09
Title: Wien, Ada interview (08/06/1982) 09 of 12
Description: (2:53 min.) (09 of 12)
People's lack on interest in Statehood and politics; airplane business; dedicated mother; Toast Mistress Club; education; Alaskans -- not interested in regulations or laws; citizens -- some felt effects; Lathrop, Cap -- Alaskan businessman; aviators -- not for Statehood; governed -- Civil Aeronautics Board; first 20 years -- difficult; Lathrop, Cap -- against Statehood
Creator: Wien, Ada (Narrator)
Schneider, William (Interviewer)

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Road to Statehood
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